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    Mojave Desert Heritage & Cultural Association

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"Mojave" versus "Mohave"

Mojave IndianIn the literature of the California deserts, the word "Mojave" is spelled with both the "j" and the "h." This is another of those things where no particular approach is the correct one. The important thing is to pick a convention and stick with it. In the Mojave Road Guide the spelling "Mojave" is used for everything on the California side of the Colorado River. The county by that name in Arizona is officially spelled "Mohave" so if any reference to it was made, the "h" would be used, but otherwise the "j" is used except in direct quotations. In quotations the form chosen by the original writer is preserved.

Extract from Dennis G. Casebier's , "Mojave Road Guide", Tales of the Mojave Road Number 11, June 1986.

Mojave Phone Booth

Mojave Phone Booth by Ted JensenThe Mojave phone booth was a lone telephone booth in what is now the Mojave National Preserve in California, which attracted online attention in 1997 due to its unusual location. Placed in the 1960s, the booth was eight miles from the nearest paved road. Its telephone number was originally (714) 733-9969, before the area code changed to 619 and then to 760.

The booth was removed by Pacific Bell on May 17, 2000, at the request of the National Park Service. Per Pacific Bell policy, the phone number was permanently retired. Officially, the removal was done to halt the environmental impact of visitors, though pressure from locals unhappy with the increased traffic may have contributed. Additionally, a letter written by the then-superintendent of the Mojave National Preserve mentions confronting Pacific Bell with some long-forgotten easement fees. A headstone-like plaque was later placed at the site, but it too, was removed by the National Park Service. Fans of the booth also claim that Pacific Bell destroyed the actual enclosure after its removal. - from Wikipedia



Status since passage of the
California Desert Protection Act
of 31 October 1994

To protect and preserve historical and cultural values of the California desert associated with patterns of western exploration and settlement, and sites exemplifying the mining, ranching and railroading history of the Old West.



  • 14 Routes of Travel
  • 38 Desert Bighorn Sheep (Old Dad Mountain, 1995)
  • 96 Clark Mountain Wild Burros
  • 125 Water Sources
  • 4,000 Wild Burros (total)
  • 8,600 Mining Claims
  • 70,736 acres to Hackberry Complex Fire (June 2005)
  • 133,292 acres of private land (as of October 2001)
  • Amboy Post Office
  • AT&T Transcontinental Underground Cable
  • Barnett Mine (Hackberry Complex Fire)
  • Bob Hollimon Cabin (Hackberry Complex Fire)
  • Cima Cinder Mine
  • Cima Post Office
  • Essex Post Office
  • Essex School
  • Goffs Water Tower
  • Goffs Historic Corrals
  • Granite Mountains Cattle Ranch Enterprise
  • Kessler Springs Cattle Ranch Enterprise
  • Lazy Daisy Cattle Ranch Enterprise
  • Mojave Phone Booth
  • Mojave Road Bus
  • OX Cattle Ranch Enterprise
  • Pettit Well Corral (Hackberry Complex Fire)
  • Round Valley Ranch (Hackberry Complex Fire)
  • Valley View Cattle Ranch Enterprise
  • White Ranch
  • White Rock Tank Corral
  • Wild Horses (unknown number)
  • Winkler's Cabin (Hackberry Complex Fire)


  • Broadwell Mesa Arch access
  • Carruthers Canyon access
  • Cow Cove access
  • East Mojave Heritage Trail (2nd, 3rd, 4th Segments)
  • Fort Piute access
  • Government Holes corral (Hackberry Complex Fire)
  • Rock Spring access


The Name Mojave

Mojave IndianThe name [Mojave] is composed of two Indian words, aha, water, and macave, along or beside. Aha denotes either singular or plural number. Mojaves translate the idiom "along or beside the water," or freely as "people who live along the water (river)."

For more than a century the name "Mojave," or its counterpart "Mohave," has been used as the name of an Indian tribe who lived - and whose survivors still live - along the Colorado River. It has come to be the name also of such geographic features as Mojave River, Mojave Desert, Mojave Mountains, Mojave Valley, Lake Mojave. Allegedly it is an Indian name, and supposedly the geographic features were named after the Mojave, Mohave Indian tribe. Indians who bear the name, however, say that it is a misnomer and not their real tribal name. They claim that their true Indian name always was, and is, Aha macave (pronounced aha makav, all a's sounded as the a in "father," the c as in "cool," the e silent). The one form, Aha macave, is both singular and plural.

Extract from Lorraine M. Sherer's definitive work, "The Name Mojave, Mohave: A History of Its Origin and Meaning" published in the Southern California Quarterly, Publication of the Historical Society of Southern California, March 1967.